September 23, 2022

The first green ammonia hub will be built at the Dutch Vesta terminal

Vesta has expansion space at the Vlissingen terminal to create the first green ammonia hub in North West Europe (Vesta)

Posted on September 12, 2022 at 7:35 p.m. by

The Maritime Executive

The feasibility of creating the first green ammonia hub by renovating and expanding an existing energy storage facility in the Netherlands is being explored as part of efforts to develop a long-term energy approach for the Northern Europe without Russian imports. German energy giant Uniper will work with Dutch Vesta Terminals to explore the potential of creating the new hub at the existing facility which they say could be operational by 2026.


The project will assess the feasibility of renovating and extending an existing storage facility located in Vlissingen in the Netherlands. Located in the port of Flushing, which is the third largest in the Netherlands, the facility is also strategically located on the Scheldt, which connects the ports of Antwerp and Ghent/Terneuzen to the North Sea.


Vesta Terminals in Vlissingen, the Netherlands, currently has a cold storage capacity of 60,000 m3 for ammonia. Vesta also points out that it has space and is negotiating additional space which, combined, would allow it to more than double its overall business as the only specialized liquid bulk operator in Flushing. As a future hub, they report that it will be able to handle an initial throughput capacity of 0.96 mtpa. The terminal is well located for the supply of green ammonia by seagoing vessels which reload into barges and tank cars. In a second phase, the throughput capacity of the facility can be extended to 1.92 mtpa and the terminal will be connected to the Dutch hydrogen pipeline network.


As part of the Memorandum of Understanding signed by the companies, Uniper intends to reserve capacity in the terminal to create an entry point into North West European markets for growing green business of ammonia and hydrogen within the Uniper group.


A reservation of potential capacity in Vlissingen will support Uniper’s efforts to create several access points for green energy in Europe and will continue alongside its ongoing ammonia terminal project in Wilhelmshaven. In Wilhelmshaven, Uniper is not only building Germany’s first LNG import terminal, but is also planning a green ammonia import terminal. The Wilhelmshaven site will become a green energy hub and pave the way for an even more climate-friendly energy supply.


According to them, the Greenpoint Valley project in Vlissingen will become a gateway for green ammonia and hydrogen in Europe. By developing green markets for ammonia and hydrogen, companies aim to further strengthen the security of energy supply in Europe.